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Peru Facts & Figures

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Overview of Peru, as Country


Peru is located in the northwestern part of South America, positioned both in the western and eastern hemispheres, bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and with a Pacific coastline of 2.414 km (1,499 mi).


The surface of the country is mostly covered by mountains, part of the Andes. Though, Peru also has lush green valleys, deep rainforests, including a portion of the Amazon in the northeast and the east, and also deserts, as well as flat agricultural areas.

Overall, more than 40 % of Peru's surface is covered by mountains. There are more than 20 peaks above 6.000 m (19,685 ft).


Peru has rich fauna and flora. It is a popular eco tourism destination, ideal for bird watching, Amazon river cruise trips.


The country is also well-known for opportunities offered to hikers. Fantastic landscapes and the famous Inca Trail are all there and waiting for foreign and domestic tourists.


Peru's tourism is primarily fueled by the importance of the many-many attractions located in the in the Cuzco (Cusco), the Sacred Valley of the Incas (Valle Sagrado de Los Incas), Machu Picchu.


Economically, Peru is currently on the rise with one of the highest economic growth rates in the World.

Though, it is regarded as a third World country, Peru has had a remarkable rise. Unfortunately the gap between the rich and the poor (as it is in many other South American countries) still is a problem. Those who benefit most from the growth are the rich and not the lower class.


Flag of Peru and the Inca Flag


These two are often used in parallel. Recently, the Inca flag has become increasingly popular, a very colourful, beautiful flag.

Certainly, the official flag of the country is the one on the left: red, white and red.


Official Flag of Peru     The Inca Flag




Culture, Heritage of Peru


Peru is one of South America's most famous countries with deep historical heritage and an ethnically diverse population, each ethnic group adding to the cultural richness of the country


Peru has a mixed population racially and ethnically consisting mainly of indigenous Quechuan, Aymara, white people, as well as Mestizos.


The Spaniards have colonized the Incas starting with the early 1500s, then this has followed on for hundreds of years. The result was catastrophic to the Incas. The Europeans have brought new values, but for hundreds of years have oppressed the Inca civilization, especially the religious manifestations.


Religiously, Peru is over 89 % Roman Catholic, 6,7 % Evangelical, 2,6 % belonging to other religions and 1,4 % non-religious, also 0,2 % unspecified/undeclared/unaffiliated.


Today Peru is a democracy and is encouraging ethnic diversity. The old Inca rituals, symbols have come out ahead, seemingly gaining popularity.




Fact Sheet of Peru


Our fact sheet presents data, information that you will certainly find useful when planning a trip or even when writing a projects about Peru.


 Official Name:  "Republic of Peru" ("República del Perú" - Spanish)
 Official Languages:  Spanish and Quechuan
 National Day:  July 28th (celebrates the 1821 independence from Spain)
 Other Spoken Language:  Aymara
 Area:  1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) - 20th largest country in the World
 Population Density:  29.132.013 (June 2009 estimate)
 Capital:  Lima (population of 7,6 million in central area, 8,4 million in metropolitan area)
 Currency:  Nuevo Sol (PEN), 1 Nuevo Sol = 1 Céntimo
 GDP (nominal):  126,766 billion USD (4.356 USD/capita)

251,390 billion USD (8.638 USD/capita)

 Highest Point:  Nevado Huascarán - 6.768 m (22,205 ft)
 Lowest Point:  Pacific Ocean - 0 m (0 ft)
 Nationalities, Ethnicities, Races:

50 % Amerindian (mostly Quechua, Aymara), Mestizo, white & Creole (out of which 88 % white, 12 % Creole) and other.

 Literacy Rate:  90,9 %
 Time Zone:  PET (UTC -5 hrs)
 Telephone Calling Code:  +51




Map of Peru


Topographic Map of Peru

In order to get an idea of how Peru's geography looks like, we have included this small topographic map.


Lima, the capital is located in the western part, roughly in the middle of the long arid coastline. It is a boasting mega city, a good start out point for any tourist planning to visit any part of the country.


The southeastern part of the country includes most of the attractions why travelers are coming to visit Peru.

By looking on the map, you can imagine that pretty much most of the most interesting parts are located in the southern half of Peru. (Try drawing an imaginary east - west line through Lima.)


 What is Inside Machu Picchu?


Machu Picchu AttractionsCheck out this thorough guide which will unveil the sectors, the buildings and the purpose for which they were built...

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 Machu Picchu's Construction


Machu Picchu's ConstructionThe Incas had excellent skills when they built this city 2.400 m above sea level from hard rocks without the use of mortar...

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 Machu Picchu Maps


Machu Picchu MapsAccess orientative maps and schemes, as well as scaled virtual interactive maps of Machu Picchu and the area...

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 The Discovery of Machu Picchu


Machu Picchu's DiscoveryThe story about how Machu Picchu was discovered and speculations about previous visitors to the ruins...

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 Hike on the Inca Trail!


Inca Trail Hiking, Adventure TripsTravelers who hike on the Inca Trail get to see archaeological sites and spectacular Andean views that others won't!

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 Cuzco & Nearby Destinations


Cuzco & Surrounding AttractionsCuzco, the former capital of the Inca Empire and the region around it has some wonderful attractions that you mustn't miss when visiting Peru...

Cuzco (Cusco)




Puca Pucara


 The Sacred Valley of the Incas


The Sacred Valley of the IncasFantastic landscapes and Inca ruins characterize the Sacred Valley where the heart of the Inca Empire was...

Find out more about it!









 Exciting Peruvian Destinations!


Recommended Destinations in PeruPlaces that you might want to visit when travelling to Peru. From Inca and pre-Inca ruins to boasting big cities and rural areas there is a lot to see!

Chachapoyas, Kuelap & Surroundings

Chiclayo & Surroundings

Cajamarca & Surroundings

Trujillo, Chan Chan & Surroundings

Lima & Surroundings

Peruvian Amazon

Arequipa & Surroundings

Colca Canyon

Ica, Pisco & Surroundings

Nazca Lines

Lake Titicaca & Surroundings




Peru FlightsFor information about air travel possibilities to and from Peru and for flight ticket booking, please check this section...

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Peru, Cuzco, Machu Picchu Hotels

Presents recommended hotels near Machu Picchu and other parts of Peru. Helps you find a good place to stay...

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Trains, Machu Picchu Train SchedulesMachu Picchu train schedules, railway travel possibilities are presented in deep details for your convenience...

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Cuzco, Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu BusesBuses will take you where the planes and trains won't. Find out here about buses to Machu Picchu and the rest of Peru...

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 Tours/Trip Packages


Peru, Machu Picchu Tours/Trip PackagesRecommended tour operators and trip package-selling agents are listed here. Pick your trip package or tour with our help!...

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 Trip Planning


Trip Planning

If you are willing to travel to Machu Picchu, then you must plan everything from packing to getting there...

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 Place Finder Tool


Place Finder Tool

Looking for a place in Peru? Use this handy tool to find it on the map and even get its GPS coordinates!...

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 Live Weather & Climate Info


Live Weather Report & Climate InformationDetailed climate information and live weather report for multiple Peruvian locations...

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 Advertise on this Site!


Advertise with Featured Listings

Buy featured listings on relevant pages to target your clients efficiently and boost your business!

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 Photo Gallery


Photo GalleryFine quality photos of Machu Picchu and the rest of Peru. See the people and the beautiful places...

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 Video Gallery


Video GalleryCollection of carefully selected videos relevant to Peru, Machu Picchu, the Incas and related subjects.

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